3 Examples of Sharia Law

The Senegalese legal system is based on French civil law. [68] The 1972 Family Code[69] is secular in nature. [70] According to Article 571 of the Family Code, Sharia law is permitted only in the case of legal succession and only if the person has demonstrated in life the desire for his or her succession to be regulated by Sharia law. [70] Most estate cases are decided in accordance with this provision. [71] There are increasing political attempts to introduce more Sharia regulations. [72] The Prophet Muhammad is considered the most pious of all believers, and his actions have become a model for all Muslims. The process of interpreting Sharia, known as fiqh, developed over hundreds of years after his death in the seventh century and as the Islamic empire of Mecca and Medina, where he lived and died, expanded outward into present-day Saudi Arabia. Article 2 of the Kuwaiti Constitution makes Islamic Sharia one of the main sources of legislation. [95] [127] According to the United Nations, the Kuwaiti legal system is a combination of British common law, French civil law, Egyptian civil law, and Sharia law. [128] The Sharia-based civil status law for Sunnis is based on Maliki fiqh and for Shiites, their own school of Islam regulates personal status.

[129] [130] Kuwait attempts to block certain Internet content prohibited by Sharia law, such as pornography. [131] Aceh is the only part of Indonesia that applies Sharia law to criminal law. The Islamic courts of Aceh have long dealt with cases of marriage, divorce and inheritance. Following the adoption of a special law on self-government in 2001, the scope of the courts extended to the criminal justice system. [107] Offences such as being alone with an unrelated member of the opposite sex, gambling, and failure to comply with Islamic dress codes can be punished by public caning. [108] In 2014, the Aceh provincial government extended the scope of Sharia law to non-Muslims whose offenses include a Muslim. When a non-Muslim commits a crime that falls under the secular penal code, the non-Muslim can choose to be punished under the National Penal Code (KUHP) or the Acehn Sharia. [109] [110] Secular systems are those in which Sharia law plays no role in the nation`s legal system and religious interference in state affairs, politics, and law is not allowed. Turkey has been an example of a Muslim-majority nation with a secular system, although its secularism has recently come under heavy pressure.

Several states in West Africa and Central Asia also describe themselves as secular. [22] In this system, which is shared by a small minority of modern countries, classical Sharia is formally equated with national law and provides much of its substance. The state has a ruler who acts as the supreme judiciary and can pronounce and amend laws in certain legal areas, but traditional religious scholars (ulema) play a crucial role in the interpretation of Sharia law. The classic Sharia system is exemplified by Saudi Arabia and some other Gulf states. Iran shares many of the same characteristics, but also has characteristics of mixed legal systems, such as a parliament and codified laws. [22] In Myanmar, Sharia law has been applied to personal status issues since colonial times under Article 13 of the Burmese Law of 1898. [146] The Court`s jurisprudence has also held that Waqf issues should be decided under Sharia law. The Muslim Dissolution of Marriage Act of 1952 in Myanmar stipulates that a Muslim woman has the right to divorce her husband for a reasonable reason. [146] Sharia family law issues are decided by the civil courts. [146] As part of Atatürk`s reforms, Sharia law was abolished in April 1924 with the law abolishing Islamic courts and changing the organization of courts. [198] [22] Home Office (2018) The Independent Review of Sharia Law in England and Wales. www.gov.uk/government/publications/applying-sharia-law-in-england-and-wales-independent-review Andrew Jeong, Jennifer Hassan and Sarah Pulliam Bailey of the Washington Post presented the Taliban`s views on Sharia law.

Most of the world`s fifty or so Muslim-majority countries have laws related to Sharia, the direction that Muslims believe God has given in a number of spiritual and secular matters. Some of these countries have laws calling for critics to call cruel punishment or inappropriately restrict the lives of women and minorities.